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Khovd Province (aimag)

Khovd Province is a territorial unit of Mongolia and administrative center of West Mongolian district. The aimag shares border with China. It has great reserves of oil and coal, metals, gold, silver and other resources.

Khovd Province was founded in 1931. Its territory is 76,1 thousand square kilometers. This province is the only in Mongolia where the representatives of more than 19 nations live.

From the ancient times the mindset of Khovd inhabitants is notable for resolution, hard-working nature and heroism. Veterans born in Khovd participated in the Battles of Khalkhin Gol in 1939, in the Great Patriotic war and others.

History

Khovd is the oldest city in Mongolia. This place was first mentioned in 1685 when Galdan Boshugtu Khan established his staff there to counter Manchurian aggression. In 1762 the settlement got the status of the town. Today Khovd is a significant administrative, economic, cultural center of the province.

State symbols of Khovd aimag


Flag of Khovd aimag


Emblem Khovd aimag

Cultural and historical monuments

Khovd aimag is famous for its historical and cultural monuments preserved from the ancient times. First of all it’s Sangiin Kherem. It is the Mongolian name for the remains of the Manchu fort in the Northern part of Khovd city. Other important attraction of the province is Ulan Tolgoy Bechees. They are the rock paintings in Yamaan Us.

Rivers and lakes

Kharaus-Nur, Dorgon-Nur, Khaar-Nur lakes were ranked as a specially protected area in 1997. The longest river in the region is the Khovd River that takes its origin in the Altai Mountains.

Animal breeding

Animal breeding is one of the major industries in the province.

As of 2004, the number of livestock is 17.884.372 heads.

Agriculture

About 200 thousand hectares of lands are used as the crop lands. Farmers in Khovd Province plant potatoes, wheat, vegetables, forage crops and others.

Administrative subdivisions

The aimag capital Khovd is geographically located in the Buyant sum, but is administered as independent Jargalant sum. The administrative center of the Khovd Sum is also called Khovd, which is a common source of confusion. The other administrative centers carry the name of the respective Sum as well. Local authority is presented by the Khural of the citizens’ representatives and the Governor. The Presidium of the Khural comprises 30 deputies, the Chairman, the Secretary of the Presidium and the executive office of the Khural. The Governor is appointed and dismissed by the Prime Minister with submission of the Khural.

Education

71% of population have secondary-level of higher education. 89% of children aged 8-15 study at school. 45% of children aged 2-7 attend pre-school organizations.

90% of Khvd State University professors have a degree of Candidate of Science or Doctor of Science.

Culture

In the province there are 16 centers of culture and 3 institutions of culture. In the regional center there is a drama theater, the Central Library and the museum of the local history.

Medical care

The level of medical care services provided in the aimag is quite high. A new diagnostic and treatment center of Western district was founded in 2001. Moreover in the region there are 4 private clinics and 7 first-aid stations.

Economic development

After the adjustment to the Krasnoyarsk hydroelectric station favorable conditions were created for the development of small and medium enterprises. Currently such plants as a food plant, plant on primary processing of wool, down and animal skins, cement plant producing 10-15 thousand tons per year and many others.

In the city of Khovd there is also an international airport that has an important significance for the development of the regional touristic potential.