Bayan-Ölgii aimag is a province located in the extreme west of the country.
The territory is 45.8 thousand square kilometers, the population is 89 000 of people, 70% of population are Kazakhs. It is divided into 12 sums: Altai, Altantsögts, Bayannuur, Bugat, Bulgan, Buyant, Deluun, Nogoonnuur, Sagsay, Tolbo, Ulaankhus, Tsengel and a free economic zone Tsagaannuur.
Aimag is located in the Mongolian Altai. The distance from north to south of the province is 380 km, from west to east is 270 km. The province shares borders with Russia and China.
Bayan-Ölgii is the highest Mongolian aimag. For the most part it is located in the Mongolian Altai, at the transition point to the Russian Altai. About 10% of the territory is covered by forests.
The Nairamdal Peak (also Friendship Peak, Chinese: Youyi Feng) of the Altai Tavan Bogd (five saints mountain) massif mountain marks the corner between the three neighbouring countries. About 2.5 km further south on the Mongolian-Chinese border, the Khüiten Peak is the highest point of Mongolia at a height of 4,374 m. The massif includes several glaciers, such as the 19 km Potanin Glacier, and is only accessible to experienced climbers with local guidance.
Bayan-Ölgii aimag is an administrative and territorial unit of Mongolia and it is part of its Western Mongolia District. In the north-east the aimag has an administrative border with Uvs province, in the east and southeast with Khovd province. The total area of Bayan-Ölgii Province is 45,704.9 square kilometers. The aimag has rich stocks of natural stones, ocher, tungsten and rare non-ferrous metals. The territory of the aimag is also rich with small and large lakes, rivers, streams and springs. The region has a severely continental climate. The city of Bayan-Ölgii is an administrative center of the aimag. Its population is 27 thousand people.
Khural of the representatives of citizens is a legislative body of local governance. The body is responsible for passing legislative acts on budgetary and financial issues, education and science, social and economic issues. In other words, it is responsible for issues concerning the development of the province. The governor of aimag is the head of the government and exercises executive power in the region.
Animal breeding is the main sector of the province economy. The livestock is about 1.4 million heads of cattle. Annually, over 2000 tons of meat, 850-900 tons of sheep wool, 130 tons of goat down, 280-300 thousand pieces of skins of all types of cattle are supplied to foreign and domestic markets.
The territory of aimag is famous for numerous ancient stone statues and rock paintings.